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Falls prevention in older adults: Assessment and management

Australian Family Physician
Volume 41 Issue 12 (Dec 2012)

Abstract: Background: Falls increase with age, with substantial patient harm resulting in high healthcare utilisation. High level evidence exists for a range of effective falls prevention strategies. Objective: To provide an evidence based update of falls prevention recommendations, applicable to the primary care setting. Discussion: For older adults in the community, exercise programs and vitamin D supplementation in those with deficiency are highly effective in preventing falls. Psychoactive drug withdrawal, home visits, vision optimisation and a multifactorial approach are also effective. In residential aged care, routine vitamin D supplementation is highly effective in preventing falls and fractures. General practitioners are well placed to identify those at risk of falls and implement prevention strategies utilising other healthcare professionals as required. The general practitioner's role in educating and supporting patient behaviour change is critical to the uptake of falls prevention recommendations.

To cite this article: Waldron, Nicholas; Hill, Anne-Marie and Barker, Anna. Falls prevention in older adults: Assessment and management [online]. Australian Family Physician, Vol. 41, No. 12, Dec 2012: 930-935. Availability: <http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=998232410954897;res=IELHEA> ISSN: 0300-8495. [cited 28 Jun 17].

Personal Author: Waldron, Nicholas; Hill, Anne-Marie; Barker, Anna; Source: Australian Family Physician, Vol. 41, No. 12, Dec 2012: 930-935 DOI: Document Type: Journal Article ISSN: 0300-8495 Subject: Falls (Accidents) in old age--Prevention; Vitamin D; Physicians (General practice); Benzodiazepines; Peer Reviewed: Yes Affiliation: (1) Clinical Lead and Consultant Geriatrician, Health Networks Branch, Department of Health, Perth, Western Australia, email: nicholas.waldron@health.wa.gov.au
(2) Research Fellow, School of Physiotherapy, University of Notre Dame, Fremantle, Western Australia
(3) Senior Research Fellow, Centre of Research Excellence in Patient Safety, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria

Database: Health Collection