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Ship engine exhaust emissions in waters around Australia - an overview

Air Quality and Climate Change
Volume 45 Issue 4 (Nov 2011)

Abstract: Shipping is a major process link in the Australian economy, with 753 Mt of international exports worth $202 billion passing through Australian ports in 2008- 2009. However there is limited knowledge about both the emissions from ships in coastal regions and ports in Australia and the effects of these emissions on air quality in the surrounding coastal and portside urban regions. This issue is of growing significance because of the increased regulation of land based emissions and the limited regulation of shipping emissions. These coastal and in port emissions, when advected over land cause deterioration in air quality particularly of atmospheric aerosol that affects human health. Furthermore, the coastal emissions that can be subsequently advected over land are not generally considered in Australian studies, in spite of them being much larger than in-port emissions. An overview is presented of the causes of ship exhaust emissions, their controls and regulation, and the methodologies used to estimate emissions inventory databases. It is suggested that the Australian methodology for estimating ship emissions be updated, airshed shipping emissions for all significant Australian ports and coastal shipping emissions be estimated, and the health effects assessed.

To cite this article: Goldsworthy, L and Galbally, IE. Ship engine exhaust emissions in waters around Australia - an overview [online]. Air Quality and Climate Change, Vol. 45, No. 4, Nov 2011: 24-32. Availability: <http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=630106484462436;res=IELENG> ISSN: 1836-5884. [cited 13 Feb 16].

Personal Author: Goldsworthy, L; Galbally, IE; Source: Air Quality and Climate Change, Vol. 45, No. 4, Nov 2011: 24-32 Document Type: Journal Article ISSN: 1836-5884 Subject: Greenhouse effect, Atmospheric; Ships--Environmental aspects; Peer Reviewed: Yes Affiliation: (1) Senior Research Fellow, National Centre for Maritime Engineering and Hydrodynamics, Australian Maritime College, University of Tasmania, Launceston, Tasmania, 7304, Australia, email: L.Goldsworthy@amc.edu.au
(2) Chief Research Scientist, Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, PB 1, Aspendale, Victoria 3195, Australia

Database: Engineering Collection