Abstract: Making mock of uniforms that guard you while you sleep" was a phrase of Kipling's that caught in George Orwell's mind. And there were patent reasons why the line should have nagged at his conscience, for in the dramatic years that preceded the writingof his celebrated essay on Kipling in the middle of World War II, Orwell - a more complex and far less consistent man than is commonly thought - had undergone an abrupt and profound reorientation of his political thinking. His view of Soviet totalitarianism (the attitude for which he is best known) did not change. He learned to despise Stalinism during the Spanish Civil War, and to his death the intensity of this loathing remained unimpaired. But his feelings toward the liberal "bourgeois" states, particularly those possessing colonies, were another matter. His hostility toward the social injustices of these states was so strong that he thought them not worth defending against even such as Hitler, and consequently was a fervent supporter of the anti-war party during the Munich crisis of 1938 and sneered most contemptuously at the socialist "warmongers" who felt that Hitler had to be stopped. In January 1939, eight months before the German attack on Poland, he wrote to Herbert Read: "I believe it is vitally necessary for those of us who intend to oppose the coming war to start organizing for illegal anti-war activities."
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To cite this article: Grenier, Richard. The uniforms that guard US breaker Morant and fort Apache, the Bronx [online]. Quadrant, Vol. 25, No. 8, Aug 1981: 17-25.
[cited 28 Mar 17].